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Title of article :
Photocatalytic hydrogen evolution on new mesoporous material Bi2S3/Y-zeolite
Author/Authors :
Abdi، نويسنده , , Abderrezak and Denoyelle، نويسنده , , Alain and Commenges-Bernole، نويسنده , , Nadine and Trari، نويسنده , , Mohamed، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2013
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Abstract :
The novel semi conducting configuration n-Bi2S3/Y-zeolite is elaborated by exchange reaction between H/Y-zeolite and Bi3+. The precipitation of Bi2S3 is achieved with thiourea, and activated by ultra sound probe at a frequency of 20 kHz for 60 min. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy confirm the formation of Bi2S3 which crystallizes in an orthorhombic symmetry. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) shows uniform and rough surface with fine Bi2S3 crystallites. The specific surface area (SBET = 87.82 m2 g−1) is ∼seven times greater than that of Bi2S3 (9.57 m2 g−1) prepared under the same conditions. The Mott–Schottky characteristic gives a flat band potential of 0.465 VNHE. The electrical conductivity of Bi2S3 is correlated to the optical gap (Eg = 1.40 eV) and photo-electrochemical characterization to establish the energetic diagram of the hetero-system Bi2S3/Y-zeolite/KOH solution. The latter predicts a spontaneous hydrogen evolution upon visible light. An enhancement of twice with respect to Bi2S3 is obtained in presence of S 2 O 3 2 − as holes scavenger. The best performance (292 μmol H2 (g catalyst)−1 h−1) occurs at pH ∼13.1 with a light-to-chemical energy yield of 0.12%.
Keywords :
Hydrogen , Photo-electrochemistry , H/Y-zeolite , Bi2S3
Journal title :
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
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