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Title of article :
Influence of cooling rate on the structure and formation of oxide scale in low carbon steel wire rods during hot rolling
Author/Authors :
Bhattacharya، نويسنده , , R. and Jha، نويسنده , , G. and Kundu، نويسنده , , S. and Shankar، نويسنده , , R. and Gope، نويسنده , , N.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2006
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Abstract :
In the present work, oxide scale formed on low carbon steel during conventional wire rod rolling (∼ 1.4 °C s− 1 cooling rate after laying head temperature, LHT, at 900 °C) was investigated. The γ-αFe transformation temperature of the grade was determined using thermomechanical simulator. Subsequently, the formation of FeO type scale was engineered through modification in cooling rate (∼ 1.4 °C s− 1 at 900 °C LHT till 750 °C and subsequently 8 °C s− 1 till reformer tub). The oxide scale formed after hot rolling was characterized using Raman spectroscopy and optical metallography. It was observed that the scale on wire rods produced through conventional cooling practices contained magnetite (Fe3O4) and hematite (Fe2O3) predominantly between the steel substrate and wüstite layer, whereas a uniform wüstite (FeO) layer with less transformed magnetite and proeutectoid magnetite was found on the wire rods with modified cooling practices. The modified cooling strategy at Stelmor conveyor showed a reduction in scale by 15% over conventional cooled wire rods. The increase in the tensile strength was minor (∼ 4 MPa) with the enhanced cooling rate.
Keywords :
oxide layer , Low carbon steel , magnetite , pickling , Oxidation , Raman spectroscopy
Journal title :
Surface and Coatings Technology
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Link To Document :