Title of article :
Impaired mastication reduced newly generated neurons at the accessory olfactory bulb and pheromonal responses in mice
Utsugi، نويسنده , , Chizuru and Miyazono، نويسنده , , Sadaharu and Osada، نويسنده , , Kazumi and Matsuda، نويسنده , , Mitsuyoshi and Kashiwayanagi، نويسنده , , Makoto، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2014
e number of neurons are generated at the subventricular zone (SVZ) even during adulthood. In a previous study, we have shown that a reduced mastication impairs both neurogenesis in the SVZ and olfactory functions. Pheromonal signals, which are received by the vomeronasal organ, provide information about reproductive and social states. Vomeronasal sensory neurons project to the accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) located on the dorso-caudal surface of the main olfactory bulb. Newly generated neurons at the SVZ migrate to the AOB and differentiate into granule cells and periglomerular cells. This study aimed to explore the effects of changes in mastication on newly generated neurons and pheromonal responses.
eoxyuridine-immunoreactive (BrdU-ir; a marker of DNA synthesis) and Fos-ir (a marker of neurons excited) structures in sagittal sections of the AOB after exposure to urinary odours were compared between the mice fed soft and hard diets.
nsity of BrdU-ir cells in the AOB in the soft-diet-fed mice after 1 month was essentially similar to that of the hard-diet-fed mice, while that was lower in the soft-diet-fed mice for 3 or 6 months than in the hard-diet-fed mice. The density of Fos-ir cells in the soft-diet-fed mice after 2 months was essentially similar to that in the hard-diet-fed mice, while that was lower in the soft-diet-fed mice for 4 months than in the hard-diet-fed mice.
esent results suggest that impaired mastication reduces newly generated neurons at the AOB, which in turn impairs olfactory function at the AOB.
Soft diet , Hard diet , Olfactory function , Mastication , pheromone
Journal title :
Archives of Oral Biology