Record number :
Title of article :
PVD-Al2O3-coated cemented carbide cutting tools
Author/Authors :
إstrand، نويسنده , , M. and Selinder، نويسنده , , T.I. and Fietzke، نويسنده , , F. and Klostermann، نويسنده , , H.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2004
Pages :
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Abstract :
With the introduction of the bipolar pulsed dual magnetron sputtering (BP-DMS) technique, a wide range of opportunities has opened up for the deposition of insulating layers such as Al2O3 as well as of conductive compound layers such as TixAl1−xN. In BP-DMS, two magnetrons in a pair alternately act as a cathode and an anode; during the cathode phase, the target is sputter-cleaned, hence ensuring a metallic surface during the anode phase and a stable long-term operation. At high-enough frequencies (25–50 kHz), possible electron charging of insulating layers will be suppressed and the otherwise troublesome phenomenon of arcing will be limited. The BP-DMS method has made it possible to deposit hard (>2000 HV) nanocrystalline γ-Al2O3 textured in the [440] direction at substrate temperatures as low as 700 °C, which is a much lower temperature than the conventional chemical vapor deposition (CVD) temperatures (1000–1050 °C) for the deposition of the Al2O3 polymorphs α and κ. s paper, a study of the process, in terms of recording the process characteristic data and evaluating the influence of magnetic field, has been done. For a set of parameters, cemented carbide cutting inserts have been coated and tested. Inserts with a double layer of γ-Al2O3 and TiAlN or TiN have been evaluated in cutting operations such as turning, threading, and end-milling, often with machining conditions (cutting data) more suitable for physical vapor deposition (PVD)- than CVD-coated tools. Some results are presented in this paper. It has been shown that the addition of a 2-μm-thick γ-Al2O3 layer decreases the wear rate. The γ-Al2O3/TiAlN (TiN)-coated inserts exhibit tool lives longer than the single-coated inserts especially at higher cutting speeds.
Keywords :
Magnetion sputtering , Turning crater wear , PVD , alumina , Gamma cemented carbide , Bipolar
Journal title :
Surface and Coatings Technology
Journal title :
Surface and Coatings Technology
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