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Title of article :
Lack of prepubertal administration of ethinyl estradiol on susceptibility to multiple organ carcinogenesis in rats exposed to 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene and N-bis(2-hydroxypropyl)nitrosamine during adolescence
Author/Authors :
Cho، نويسنده , , Young-Man and Imai، نويسنده , , Toshio and Hasumura، نويسنده , , Mai and Onose، نويسنده , , Jun-Ichi and Ueda، نويسنده , , Makoto and Hirose، نويسنده , , Masao، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2005
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Abstract :
Estrogen exposure during the adult period is widely known to promote tumor development in the female genital system, as well as in the mammary gland in experimental animals, but its carcinogenic potential with exposure at the prepubertal stage, for 6 weeks after birth, is not completely understood. In the present study, we therefore evaluated the modifying effects of prepubertal ethinyl estradiol (EE) treatment on susceptibility to multiple organ carcinogenesis with subsequent carcinogen exposure in F344 rats. Dams during the lactation period and their weaned offspring until postnatal-week 6 were fed diet containing 0, 0.2 or 1.0 ppm EE. The offsprings were then administered 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA, 50 mg/kg body weight) by gavage for mammary tumor induction in week 7 and given free access to drinking water containing N-bis (2-hydroxypropyl)nitrosamine (DHPN, 0.2%) for wide spectrum tumor induction in organs such as the thyroid, liver, lung and kidney from weeks 6–14. Male and female offspring were euthanized at weeks 27 and 36, respectively, for histopathological examination. While the incidence and multiplicity of mammary tumors showed a tendency for increase in females of the 0.2 and 1.0 ppm EE groups, this was without statistical significance. Furthermore, prepubertal EE exposure did not affect tumor induction in the thyroid, liver, lung, kidney, esophagus, ovary and lymphoid tissue in either sex. The present results thus indicate a lack of influence of estrogen early in life on carcinogenic susceptibility, although the possible impact on mammary carcinogenesis requires further examination.
Keywords :
Thyroid Gland , Prepubertal stage , Ethinyl estradiol , Mammary gland , Multiorgan , Carcinogenesis
Journal title :
Cancer Letters
Journal title :
Cancer Letters
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