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Title of article :
Mitochondrial kinases in cell signaling: Facts and perspectives
Author/Authors :
Arciuch، نويسنده , , Valeria G. Antico and Alippe، نويسنده , , Yael and Carreras، نويسنده , , Marيa Cecilia and Poderoso، نويسنده , , Juan José، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
Phylogenetic studies had shown that evolution of mitochondria occurred in parallel with the maturation of kinases implicated in growth and final size of modern organisms. In the last years, different reports confirmed that MAPKs, Akt, PKA and PKC are present in mitochondria, particularly in the intermembrane space and inner membrane where they meet mitochondrial constitutive upstream activators. Although a priori phosphorylation is the apparent aim of translocation, new perspectives indicate that kinase activation depends on redox status as determined by the mitochondrial production of oxygen species. We observed that the degree of mitochondrial oxidation of ERK Cys38 and Cys214 discriminates the kinase to be phosphorylated and determines translocation to the nuclear compartment and proliferation, or accumulation in mitochondria and arrest. Otherwise, transcriptional gene regulation by Akt depends on Cys60 and Cys310 oxidation to sulfenic and sulfonic acids. It is concluded that the interactions between kinases and mitochondria control cell signaling pathways and participate in the modulation of cell proliferation and arrest, tissue protection, tumorigenesis and cancer progression.
Keywords :
Mitochondria , MAPK , ERK1/2 , Akt , Hydrogen peroxide , Proliferation , apoptosis , cancer
Journal title :
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
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