Ardan، نويسنده , , Taras and ?ejkov?، نويسنده , , Jitka، نويسنده ,
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are proteolytic enzymes involved in tissue remodeling and wound healing. These enzymes degrade and also synthesize components of the extracellular matrix. Overexpression of MMPs results in excessive extracellular matrix degradation and tissue destruction. In the cornea, destructive processes may lead to scarring and loss of vision. In this study MMPs (types 1, 2, 7, 8, 9 and 14) were examined immunohistochemically in the normal rabbit corneal epithelium and in epithelium irradiated in vivo with similar doses of UVB or UVA radiation (UVB rays 312 nm, UVA rays 365 nm, daily dose 1.01 J/cm2 for four days). Results show that MMPs studied revealed low expression in the normal corneal epithelium, whereas after repeated UVB irradiation the expression of MMPs was significantly increased in the corneal epithelium, in ascending order: MMP-2, MMP-9, MMP-1, and MMP-7 with MMP-8. In contrast, compared to normal corneas, repeated UVA radiation did not significantly change the expression of MMPs in the irradiated corneal epithelium. MMP-14 was expressed at very low levels in all studied corneas, whereas no significant changes were detected upon UV exposure. In conclusion, UV radiation of shorter wavelength (UVB) induced an increase in expression of all MMPs except MMP-14. It is suggested that overexpression of MMPs in the corneal epithelium contributes to the damaging effect of UVB radiation to the cornea.
corneal epithelium , cornea , Eye , matrix metalloproteinases , UVA , UVB , rabbit