Title of article :
Adipokine Resistin Is a Key Player to Modulate Monocytes, Endothelial Cells, and Smooth Muscle Cells, Leading to Progression of Atherosclerosis in Rabbit Carotid Artery
Cho، نويسنده , , Youngjin and Lee، نويسنده , , Sang-Eun and Lee، نويسنده , , Hyun-Chae and Hur، نويسنده , , Jin and Lee، نويسنده , , Sahmin and Youn، نويسنده , , Seock-Won and Lee، نويسنده , , Jaewon and Lee، نويسنده , , Ho-Jae and Lee، نويسنده , , Tae-Kyu and Park، نويسنده , , Jonghanne and Hwang، نويسنده , , Seok-Jae and Kwon، نويسنده , , Yoo-Wook and Cho، نويسنده , , Hyun-Jai and Oh، نويسنده , , Byung-Hee and Park، نويسنده , , Young-Bae and Kim، نويسنده , , Hyo-Soo، نويسنده ,
estigated the effects of human resistin on atherosclerotic progression and clarified its underlying mechanisms.
in is an adipokine first identified as a mediator of insulin resistance in murine obesity models. But, its role in human pathology is under debate. Although a few recent studies suggested the relationship between resistin and atherosclerosis in humans, the causal relationship and underlying mechanism have not been clarified.
ned rabbit resistin, which showed 78% identity to human resistin at the complementary deoxyribonucleic acid level, and its expression was examined in 3 different atherosclerotic rabbit models. To evaluate direct role of resistin on atherosclerosis, collared rabbit carotid arteries were used. Histological and cell biologic analyses were performed.
resistin was expressed by macrophages of the plaque in the 3 different atherosclerotic models. Peri-adventitial resistin gene transfer induced macrophage infiltration and expression of various inflammatory cytokines, resulting in the acceleration of plaque growth and destabilization. In vitro experiments elucidated that resistin increased monocyte-endothelial cell adhesion by upregulating very late antigen-4 on monocytes and their counterpart vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 on endothelial cells. Resistin augmented monocyte infiltration in collagen by direct chemoattractive effect as well as by enhancing migration toward monocyte chemotactic protein-1. Administration of connecting segment-1 peptide, which blocks very late antigen-4 × vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 interaction, ameliorated neointimal growth induced by resistin in vivo.
sults indicate that resistin aggravates atherosclerosis by stimulating monocytes, endothelial cells, and vascular smooth muscle cells to induce vascular inflammation. These findings provide the first insight on the causal relationship between resistin and atherosclerosis.