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Title of article :
Baby Gate–Related Injuries Among Children in the United States, 1990–2010
Author/Authors :
Cheng، نويسنده , , Yao-Wen and Fletcher، نويسنده , , Erica N. and Roberts، نويسنده , , Kristin J. and McKenzie، نويسنده , , Lara B.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2014
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Abstract :
AbstractObjective ates are one of the most widely used home safety products to protect children from home hazards. The objective was to describe the epidemiology of baby gate and barrier-associated injuries among children. It was hypothesized that injuries experienced by children ages ≤2 years and those >2 years were significantly different as a result of differences in gate interactions. s ospective analysis was conducted by using nationally representative data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. A total of 1188 actual cases were reviewed and national estimates generated. s imated 37,673 children were treated in emergency departments for injuries associated with gates, yielding an average of 1794 cases annually. The incidence of gate-related injuries increased significantly from 3.9 per 100,000 children in 1990 to 12.5 per 100,000 children in 2010 (P < .001). Patients were primarily boys (61.0%) and were <2 years of age (60.4%). Patients <2 years of age were most often injured by falls down stairs (odds ratio 6.72; 95% confidence interval 6.32–7.16) after the collapse of the gate. Patients aged 2 to 6 were most often injured by contact with the gate (odds ratio 2.03; 95% confidence interval 1.95–2.12), resulting in open wounds (55.4%) and soft-tissue injuries (24.2%). sions the clear dichotomy between injury characteristics of patients aged <2 years and patients aged 2 to 6 years of age, as well as the prevalence of preventable injuries, greater efforts are needed to promote proper usage, ensure safety in product design, and increase awareness of age-related recommendations for use of gates.
Keywords :
baby barriers , baby gates , Emergency Department , National Electronic Injury Surveillance System , Injury , falls , stair gates
Journal title :
Academic Pediatrics
Journal title :
Academic Pediatrics
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