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Title of article :
Imaging analysis of the brain in a primate model of cerebral malaria
Author/Authors :
Kawai، نويسنده , , Satoru and Sugiyama، نويسنده , , Munehiro، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
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Abstract :
This paper reviews our studies concerning imaging analysis of the brain in a primate model of cerebral malaria. To elucidate the clinical features of cerebral malaria, we performed positron emission tomography with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) scanning and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) infected with Plasmodium coatneyi, a primate model of severe human malaria with cerebral involvement. On FDG-PET scanning, we observed diffuse and heterogeneous reduction of metabolism in the cerebral cortex in the acute phase of malaria infection. Although the monkey exhibited severe clinical signs, MR imaging did not reveal any significant changes during the course of infection. Histopathologic examination frequently revealed preferential sequestration of PRBCs in the cerebral and cerebellum capillaries, but neither parenchymal injury nor neuronal necrosis was found in the tissues. These results suggest that heterogeneous metabolic reduction and lack of abnormalities on MRI in the acute phase of CM may be due to any avoidance mechanisms from ischemia caused by sequestration. This may be one reason why more than half of CM patients have no neurological sequelae following recovery.
Keywords :
cerebral malaria , MRI , Imaging analysis , FDG-PET , Primate model , Plasmodium coatneyi
Journal title :
Acta Tropica
Link To Document :