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Title of article :
Impact of zinc, selenium and lycopene on capsaicin induced mutagenicity and oxidative damage in mice
Author/Authors :
Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka، نويسنده , , David and Banji، نويسنده , , Otilia J.F. and Reddy، نويسنده , , Madhav and Annamalai، نويسنده , , A.R.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
فصلنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2013
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Abstract :
Capsaicin is employed as a condiment and colorant in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Metabolism of capsaicin produces reactive phenoxy radicals, which inflict damage to DNA. Micronutrients such as zinc and selenium facilitate the expression of tissue repair factors, and lycopene has natural antioxidant action. The current study investigated the possible protective role of zinc, selenium and lycopene singly and in combination in ameliorating capsaicin induced mutagenicity. Fifty four Swiss albino mice received the vehicle, zinc (10 mg/kg), selenium (2 mg/kg), lycopene (2 mg/kg) alone, capsaicin alone (2 mg/kg), and capsaicin along with zinc (10 mg/kg), selenium (2 mg/kg) and lycopene (2 mg/kg) in combination by the oral route for 32 days. Animals were killed 24 h after the last treatment, and micronuclei formation in bone marrow and peripheral blood were assessed. Antioxidant status in plasma, the total protein, nucleic acids, and DNA fragmentation was assessed in the liver homogenate. Capsaicin substantially damaged nuclear material and increased oxidative stress. Individual therapy with lycopene was most effective in reducing micronuclei formation, lipid peroxidation, and in augmenting ferric reducing ability of plasma. This was closely followed by zinc and selenium. Zinc protected against DNA fragmentation followed by lycopene and selenium. The combination therapy was effective over individual treatment against DNA fragmentation, micronuclei and malondialdehyde formation. The combination did not exert a substantial benefit over individual therapy in enhancing the total antioxidant ability of plasma. The risk of capsaicin induced mutagenicity was lowered with the combination by reducing the generation of free radicals and by enhancing tissue repair.
Keywords :
capsaicin , MICRONUTRIENTS , Lycopene , DNA , oxidative stress , Mutagenicity
Journal title :
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
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