Title of article :
Synthesis and characterization of high siliceous ZSM-5 zeolite from acid-treated palygorskite
Jiang، نويسنده , , Jinlong and Duanmu، نويسنده , , Chuansong and Yang، نويسنده , , Yong and Gu، نويسنده , , Xu and Chen، نويسنده , , Jing، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2014
High siliceous ZSM-5 zeolite was successfully synthesized from palygorskite (PAL) via an in situ hydrothermal method by using acid-treated PAL as silica and aluminum sources. The effects of crystallization temperature, crystallization time, Na2O/SiO2 molar ratio, and SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio on the crystallization of ZSM-5 zeolite were studied as well as the crystallization mechanism. Investigations on the crystallization mechanism of ZSM-5 zeolite indicated that the acid-treated PAL composed of amorphous silica was partially dissolved and then converted into aluminosilicate in the alkaline solution. ZSM-5 nucleus grew well to crystalline ZSM-5 zeolite after consuming the aluminosilicate and acid-treated PAL. The extra NaOH and aluminum source were the key factors of the synthesis of ZSM-5 zeolites from acid-treated PAL. High Na2O/SiO2 molar ratio and the addition of aluminum were unfavorable for the formation of ZSM-5 zeolite. A part of Al atoms in PAL entered into the frameworks of zeolites, resulting in the formation of high siliceous ZSM-5 after hydrothermal treatment. High crystallization temperature and long crystallization time were beneficial for the transformation of PAL into ZSM-5 zeolite as well as the increase of zeolite crystallinity.
ZSM-5 zeolite , Palygorskite , acid leaching , Synthesis
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