Title of article :
NIRS methodology for measuring radial and axial concentration profiles in flowing granular mixtures
Castellanos Gil، نويسنده , , Eddy and Gosselin، نويسنده , , Ryan and Abatzoglou، نويسنده , , Nicolas، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2012
In the present work, a near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) methodology has been developed and tested for binary flows of granular lactose/microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) mixtures. Powder flow is characterized in a guillotine-like sampling system, making radial and axial sampling of flow possible at regular intervals. The guillotineʹs operation parameters are first optimized through statistical analysis to minimize errors due to phenomena occurring between the guillotineʹs surface and the powder (e.g. drag, backflow). The experimental design confirms the influence of guillotine speed and particle size of the powder on powder flow. While it is clear that this invasive system will cause radial disturbances, they have been minimized (relative error less than 2.83%) and their presence can be quantified appropriately for sufficiently accurate sampling.
oposed guillotine-based NIRS methodology is able to efficiently and reproducibly measure the average residence time (τ) of the pulsed material (MCC) and its relative standard deviation (σ) as a function of radial position. The results also demonstrate that σ is positively correlated to particle size ratio (MCC/lactose ratio between 1:1 and 1:3) and that, consequently, both the speed of bulk dispersion and the speed of natural convection of the dispersed phase are faster with higher particle size ratios, leading to the conclusion that the system is less stable and that segregation tendency is higher.
Particulate , Powder , Near infra-red spectroscopy , Process Analytical Technology , residence time , Flow
Journal title :