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Title of article :
Anionic flotation of high-iron phosphate ores—Control of process water chemistry and depression of iron minerals by starch and guar gum
Author/Authors :
Nanthakumar، نويسنده , , Balakrishnan and Grimm، نويسنده , , Dennis and Pawlik، نويسنده , , Marek، نويسنده ,
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Abstract :
The fatty acid flotation of a difficult-to-float igneous phosphate ore (26.2% P2O5, 15.4% Fe2O3) was investigated through batch flotation tests in the presence of soda ash. The poor flotation of this otherwise high quality ore was attributed to very high concentrations of calcium and sulfate ions (about 1000 and 2000 mg/L, respectively) found in process water, which indicated that the flotation pulp was saturated with respect to calcium sulfate. Despite the very high concentrations of calcium, the flotation results and pulp titration tests as a function of soda ash dosage showed that high concentrate grades (> 36% P2O5) and phosphate recoveries (~ 80%) could readily be achieved straight from such a high-calcium environment using pulp pH and conductivity as parameters for controlled addition of soda ash, especially during a continuous plant process. The main role of soda ash was to precipitate calcium and other interfering cations from the pulp thus allowing the tall oil collector to interact with the phosphate components. A comparative study of corn starch and guar gum as iron depressants for two phosphate ores varying in mineralogy of iron minerals (high-siderite and low-siderite, and various oxides) showed that guar gum was a more effective iron depressant than starch in terms of P2O5 grades of the concentrates. However, longer flotation times were necessary in the presence of higher doses of guar gum in order to achieve high P2O5 recoveries. The depressant performance of guar gum was superior to that of starch especially for the high-siderite ore.
Keywords :
froth flotation , Phosphate ores , fatty acids , iron oxides , Soda ash
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