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Title of article :
Development of a direct hydride generation nebulizer for the determination of selenium by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry
Author/Authors :
Carri?n، نويسنده , , Nereida and Murillo، نويسنده , , Miguel and Montiel، نويسنده , , Edie and D??az، نويسنده , , Dorfe، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
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Abstract :
A study was conducted to evaluate the performance of a new direct hydride generation nebulizer system for determination of hydride forming elements by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy. This system was designed and optimized to obtain the highest sensitivity. Several experimental designs were used for these purposes. To optimize the individual parameters of the system, and to study the interaction between these parameters for both direct hydride generation nebulizers, a central composite orthogonal design with eight factors was set up. Significant behavioral differences were observed in the two direct hydride generation nebulizers studied. Finally, a 70 μm gas orifice nebulizer exhibits a better detection limit than the 120 μm nebulizer. Generally, for determination of selenium, this new direct hydride generation nebulizer system exhibits a linear dynamic range and detection limit (3σb) of 3 orders of magnitude and 0.2 μg l−1 for selenium, respectively. This new hydride generator is much simpler system that conventional hydride generation systems, which does not need to be changed to work in normal mode with the inductively coupled plasma, since this system may be used for hydride forming elements and those that do not form them. It produces a rapid response with low memory effect. It reduces the interference level of Ni, Co and Cu to 600, 500 and 5 mg l−1, respectively. The accuracy of the system was verified by the determination of selenium in several standard reference materials of ambient, food and clinical sample matrices. No statistically significant differences (95 confidence level) were obtained between our method and the reference values.
Keywords :
Selenium Determination , Hydride generation , Response surface methodology , hydride generation-inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (HG-ICP-OES) , Orthogonal design , Experimental design
Journal title :
Spectrochimica Acta Part B Atomic Spectroscopy
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