Record number :
Title of article :
Performance evaluation of natural rubber seismic isolators as a retrofit measure for typical multi-span concrete bridges in eastern Canada
Author/Authors :
Siqueira، نويسنده , , Gustavo H. and Tavares، نويسنده , , Danusa H. and Paultre، نويسنده , , Patrick and Padgett، نويسنده , , Jamie E.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2014
Pages :
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Abstract :
More than 46% of the 2672 multiple-span bridges in the Province of Quebec (Canada) are concrete girder bridges. Due to the advanced age and the lack of seismic detailing, these bridges may be vulnerable to earthquake events. In an effort to prevent an interruption of the transportation network, which could be catastrophic for Quebec, a comprehensive research program was conducted whose aims were to assess the seismic vulnerability of typical bridge classes retrofitted with natural rubber seismic isolator devices through the development of fragility curves. The understanding of the impact of various modeling parameters on structural-component responses is the first step in a forward-vulnerability assessment of bridges in Quebec. This paper presents part of a comparative study using detailed three-dimensional nonlinear models that was conducted to assess the longitudinal and transverse responses of multi-span continuous (MSC) and multi-span simply supported (MSSS) concrete bridges in their as-built and retrofitted configurations using different synthetic ground motions (SGM) for the eastern part of Canada. Deterministic responses in terms of column curvature demand, abutment footing deformations, and abutment wall deformations are provided for the longitudinal and transverse directions of bridge models. The influences of various modeling parameters were assessed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and design-of-experiments (DOE) principles to perform screening of 12 structural parameters. This study revealed that the most important modeling parameters that affect critical components responses of MSC and MSSS bridges are the isolator effective stiffness, the abutment stiffness, and the gap between abutment and deck, in addition to the variation in gross bridge geometry and ground-motion contents. This screening study also gives an indication that the variation in other modeling parameters such as structural damping and skew angle affect the seismic response of MSC and MSSS bridges and should be considered carefully in a seismic-vulnerability assessment for these portfolios of concrete bridges. In addition, it was found that the use of seismic isolation devices effectively reduces the curvature demand placed on columns but has a negative impact on the deformation demand placed on abutment walls.
Keywords :
Seismic vulnerability , Highway bridges , Seismic isolation
Journal title :
Engineering Structures
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