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Title of article :
Proton flux induced by free fatty acids across phospholipid bilayers: New evidences based on short-circuit measurements in planar lipid membranes
Author/Authors :
Arcisio-Miranda، نويسنده , , Manoel and Abdulkader، نويسنده , , Fernando and Brunaldi، نويسنده , , Kellen and Curi، نويسنده , , Rui and Procopio، نويسنده , , Joaquim، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
Free fatty acids (FFA) are important mediators of proton transport across membranes. However, information concerning the influence of the structural features of both FFA and the membrane environment on the proton translocation mechanisms across phospholipid membranes is relatively scant. The effects of FFA chain length, unsaturation and membrane composition on proton transport have been addressed in this study by means of electrical measurements in planar lipid bilayers. Proton conductance ( G H + ) was calculated from open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current density measurements. We found that cis-unsaturated FFA caused a more pronounced effect on proton transport as compared to saturated and trans-unsaturated FFA. Cholesterol and cardiolipin decreased membrane leak conductance. Cardiolipin also decreased proton conductance. These effects indicate a dual modulation of protein-independent proton transport by FFA: through a flip-flop mechanism and by modifying a proton diffusional pathway. Moreover the membrane phospholipid composition was shown to importantly affect both processes.
Keywords :
Cholesterol , Proton Transport , Membrane structure , fatty acids , Cardiolipin
Journal title :
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
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