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Title of article :
Cell shrinkage and monovalent cation fluxes: Role in apoptosis
Author/Authors :
Bortner، نويسنده , , Carl D. and Cidlowski، نويسنده , , John A.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2007
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Abstract :
The loss of cell volume or cell shrinkage has been a morphological hallmark of the programmed cell death process known as apoptosis. This isotonic loss of cell volume has recently been term apoptotic volume decrease or AVD to distinguish it from inherent volume regulatory responses that occurs in cells under anisotonic conditions. Recent studies examining the intracellular signaling pathways that result in this unique cellular characteristic have determined that a fundamental movement of ions, particularly monovalent ions, underlie the AVD process and plays an important role on controlling the cell death process. An efflux of intracellular potassium was shown to be a critical aspect of the AVD process, as preventing this ion loss could protect cells from apoptosis. However, potassium plays a complex role as a loss of intracellular potassium has also been shown to be beneficial to the health of the cell. Additionally, the mechanisms that a cell employs to achieve this loss of intracellular potassium vary depending on the cell type and stimulus used to induce apoptosis, suggesting multiple ways exist to accomplish the same goal of AVD. Additionally, sodium and chloride have been shown to play a vital role during cell death in both the signaling and control of AVD in various apoptotic model systems. This review examines the relationship between this morphological change and intracellular monovalent ions during apoptosis.
Keywords :
apoptosis , Cell shrinkage , Apoptotic volume decrease (AVD) , ion channels , Volume regulation , potassium , sodium , chloride
Journal title :
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Link To Document :