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Title of article :
Segregative phase separation in agarose/whey protein systems induced by sequence-dependent trapping and change in pH
Author/Authors :
Katopo، نويسنده , , Lita and Kasapis، نويسنده , , Stefan and Hemar، نويسنده , , Yacine، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2012
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Abstract :
The structural properties and morphology of mixed gels made of aqueous preparations of agarose and whey protein were modified by changing thermal treatment and pH. The conformationally dissimilar polymers phase separated and this process was followed by small-deformation dynamic oscillation in shear, differential scanning calorimetry and environmental scanning electron microscopy. Experimental protocol encourages formation of a range of two-phase systems from continuous agarose matrices perforated by liquid-like whey protein inclusions to phase inverted preparations where a soft protein matrix suspends hard agarose-filler particles. These distinct morphologies have widely different mechanical moduli, which were followed by adapting a theoretical analysis (isostress–isostrain and Lewis–Nielsen blending laws) from the literature in synthetic block polymers and polyblends. Based on this framework of thought, reasonable predictions of the elastic moduli in the composite gels were made that led to patterns of solvent partition between the two polymeric networks. It was shown that proteins, in mixture with polysaccharide, exhibit favorable relative affinity (P-factor) for water molecules at a pH above their isoelectric point. This is an unexpected outcome that adds to the central finding of a single P value for the distribution of solvent between the continuous matrix and discontinuous inclusions of binary gels. It was thus proposed that phase continuity and solvent distribution in agarose/whey protein systems are under kinetic control that can be heavily governed by pH changes in the aqueous environment.
Keywords :
Agarose , whey protein , Phase separation , rheology
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