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Title of article :
Ultra high pressure (UHP)-assisted acetylation of corn starch
Author/Authors :
Choi، نويسنده , , Hyun-Shik and Kim، نويسنده , , Hyun-Seok and Park، نويسنده , , Cheon-Seok and Kim، نويسنده , , Byung-Yong and Baik، نويسنده , , Moo-Yeol، نويسنده ,
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روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
Potential roles of ultra high pressure (UHP) in starch granule reactivity and properties of acetylated starch were investigated. Corn starch was substituted with acetic anhydride at pressure range of 0.1–400 MPa for 15 min; also, conventional reaction (30 °C, 60 min) was conducted as reaction control. Native and acetylated corn starches were assessed with respect to degree of substitution (DS), X-ray diffraction pattern/relative crystallinity, starch solubility/swelling power, gelatinization, and pasting behavior. For the UHP-assisted acetylated starches, DS values increased along with increasing pressure levels from 200 to 400 MPa, and reaction at 400 MPa exhibited maximum reactivity (though lower than the DS value of the reaction control). Both UHP-assisted and conventional acetylation of starch likely occurred predominantly at amorphous regions within granules. Gelatinization and pasting properties of the UHP-assisted acetylated starches may be less influenced by UHP treatment in acetylation reaction, though restricted starch solubility/swelling were observed.
Keywords :
Corn starch , Acetic anhydride , Ultra high pressure (UHP) , UHP-assisted acetylation
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