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Title of article :
Endotoxin Pretreatmentin VivoIncreases the Mitochondrial Respiratory Capacity in Rat Hepatocytes
Author/Authors :
David M. Guidot، نويسنده , , David M.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 1998
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Abstract :
Administration of sublethal doses of endotoxin produces tolerance to subsequent oxidative stress in diverse animal models. Although endotoxin induces antioxidant enzymes, particularly manganous superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD), the phenomenon of tolerance remains incompletely understood. Previously I determined that endotoxin treatment in rats increased lung mitochondrial respiration-dependent (i.e., independent of Mn-SOD) scavenging of superoxide anion. Because nonenzymatic scavenging of superoxide anion correlates with the mitochondrial membrane energy gradient, I hypothesized that endotoxin increases the mitochondrial transmembrane potential. Endotoxin treatment (500 μg/kg intraperitoneally 48 h earlier) increased the hepatocyte mitochondrial transmembrane potential as determined by two separate methods: the intramitochondrial sequestration of triphenylmethylphosphonium (electrical potential or ΔΨ) and the fluorescence intensity of the hepatocyte mitochondria when stained with rhodamine-123 andexamined by confocal microscopy. These findings suggest that endotoxin treatment increased the total mitochondrial membrane potential per hepatocyte. In parallel, endotoxin treatment increased the fluorescence intensity of hepatocyte mitochondria after staining with 10-N-nonyl-acridine orange, a dye that binds to the mitochondrial inner membrane independently of the transmembrane potential. This suggests that an increase in mitochondrial inner membrane mass is responsible for the net increase in inner membrane potential per cell following endotoxin pretreatment. These findings complement previous studies in which endotoxin treatment increased the mitochondrial-specific antioxidant Mn-SOD and support the more recent finding that endotoxin treatment also increased nonenzymatic scavenging of superoxide by lung mitochondria. Taken together, these observations suggest that mitochondrial biogenesis, and the subsequent increase in both enzymatic and nonenzymatic scavenging of superoxide anion, is a central feature of endotoxin-mediated tolerance to oxidative stress.
Keywords :
TOLERANCE , Membrane potential , Superoxide anion , Endotoxin , Mitochondria
Journal title :
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Journal title :
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
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