Iino، نويسنده , , Masaki and Foster، نويسنده , , Donald C. and Kisiel، نويسنده , , Walter، نويسنده ,
Human blood coagulation factor VII has unique carbohydrate moieties O-glycosidically linked to serine 52 and serine 60 residues in its first epidermal growthfactor-like domain. To study the functional role ofthese glycosyl moieties in factor VII, we constructed, expressed, and purified site-specific recombinantmutants of human factor VII in which serine 52 and serine 60 were conservatively replaced with alanine residues. S52A factor VIIa (Ser-52 → Ala), S60A factor VIIa (Ser-60 → Ala), and S52,60A factor VIIa (Ser-52, Ser-60 → Ala) exhibited 56, 73, and 44%, respectively, of the clotting activity of wild-type factor VIIa using human brain thromboplastin as a source of tissue factor/phospholipids and 32, 43, and 14% of wild-type factor VIIa using a mixture of recombinant soluble tissue factor and mixed brain phospholipids. The tissue factor-dependent and -independent amidolytic activities of these mutants were essentially indistinguishable from that of wild-type factor VIIa. In addition, equilibrium dialysis experiments indicated that the profiles of45Ca2+binding to these mutants were identical with that of wild-type factor VII. In the presence of either Ca2+or EGTA, theKdvalues for the interaction of the three factor VIIa mutants to full-length tissue factor were 2- to 5-fold higher than that of wild-type factor VIIa, while theKdvalues for the interaction of these mutants to soluble tissue factor were 4- to 15-fold higher than that of wild-type factor VIIa. Measurement of the association and dissociation rate constants for factor VIIa binding to relipidated tissue factor apoprotein revealed that the association rate constants of the three factor VII mutants were decreased in comparison with that of wild-type factor VIIa, while the dissociation rate constants of these three mutants were virtually identical to that of wild-type factor VIIa. These findings strongly suggest that glycosyl moieties attached to Ser-52 and Ser-60 in factor VII/VIIa provide unique structural elements that are important for the rapid association of factor VII/VIIa with its cellular receptor and cofactor.