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Title of article :
Epidemiology of paragonimiasis in Cross River basin, Nigeria: prevalence and intensity of infection due to Paragonimus uterobilateralis in Yakurr local government area
Author/Authors :
Arene، نويسنده , , FOI and Ibanga، نويسنده , , E and Asor، نويسنده , , JE، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 1998
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Abstract :
Prevalence and intensity of paragonimiasis among inhabitants of the Yakurr Local Government Area in the Cross River basin of Nigeria is reported. Diagnosis was based on a single sample detection of eggs of Paragonimus in 5 ml of sputum. 12.27% out of 880 subjects were infected. The infections were due to Paragonimus uterobilateralis. Prevalence of the infection increased with age, up to a peak prevalence of 23.75% (19 out of 108) among subjects between the ages of 17–22 y old. Thereafter, it declined progressively with increase in age to much lower values such that by the age of 53–58 y old, infection had fallen by more than 75%. Prevalence of the infection was significantly higher among females, 13.80% (58 out of 108), than males 11.36% (50 out of 108) (P < 0.009). Intensity of infection (eggs/5 ml sputum) ranged from 12–123 eggs/5 ml sputum, with subjects between the ages of 17–22 y old being the most heavily infected group. Prevalence and intensity of the infection were positively correlated (P < 0.497). The need for control measures to reduce human suffering due to infections in the area, particularly among women and children is emphasized.
Keywords :
Yakurr Local Government Area , intensity , Paragonimus eggs , Nigeria , Sputum , Prevalence
Journal title :
Public Health
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