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Title of article :
Natural atomic probabilities in quantum information theory
Author/Authors :
Carrera، نويسنده , , Edmundo M. and Flores-Gallegos، نويسنده , , Nelson and Esquivel، نويسنده , , Rodolfo O.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
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Abstract :
Quantum Information Theory has witnessed a great deal of interest in the recent years since its potential for allowing the possibility of quantum computation through quantum mechanics concepts such as entanglement, teleportation and cryptography. In Chemistry and Physics, von Neumann entropies may provide convenient measures for studying quantum and classical correlations in atoms and molecules. Besides, entropic measures in Hilbert space constitute a very useful tool in contrast with the ones in real space representation since they can be easily calculated for large systems. In this work, we show properties of natural atomic probabilities of a first reduced density matrix that are based on information theory principles which assure rotational invariance, positivity, and N - and v-representability in the Atoms in Molecules (AIM) scheme. These (natural atomic orbital-based) probabilities allow the use of concepts such as relative, conditional, mutual, joint and non-common information entropies, to analyze physical and chemical phenomena between atoms or fragments in quantum systems with no additional computational cost. We provide with illustrative examples of the use of this type of atomic information probabilities in chemical process and systems.
Keywords :
Relative entropy , quantum information theory , Ab initio calculations , Atoms in molecules
Journal title :
Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics
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