Record number :
1523807
Title of article :
Improved ultrasonic extraction procedure for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediments
Author/Authors :
Banjoo، نويسنده , , Darryl Ricardo and Nelson، نويسنده , , Paul Kurt، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2005
Pages :
10
From page :
9
To page :
18
Abstract :
The aim of this work was to optimize an ultrasonic extraction procedure for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediments and to compare it with the reflux procedure using methanolic potassium hydroxide. Sample extracts were purified with a miniaturized silica gel chromatographic column and analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). Ultrasonication using n-hexane–acetone (1:1, v/v) solvent mixture on dried homogenized marine sediment gave better precision (smaller relative standard deviation (RSD) values) and comparable quantities of individual PAHʹs compared to the reflux procedure. Ultrasonication with the n-hexane–acetone (1:1, v/v) mixture, utilizing four 15 min extraction cycles, was found to be sufficient for extracting PAHs from wet sediments. The optimized ultrasonic extraction procedure extracted aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from the National Institute of Standards and Technology SRM 1941a with recoveries greater than 90%. The major advantages of ultrasonication compared to the reflux method are the lower extraction times, simplicity of the apparatus and extraction procedure. The optimized ultrasonication procedure has been used in our laboratory to extract hydrocarbons from naturally wet sediments from rivers, and coastal and marine areas.
Keywords :
Chromatographic column , Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons , Ultrasonic extraction
Journal title :
Journal of Chromatography A
Serial Year :
2005
Link To Document :
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