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Title of article :
Methacrylate monolithic columns functionalized with epinephrine for capillary electrochromatography applications
Author/Authors :
Carrasco-Correa، نويسنده , , Enrique Javier and Ramis-Ramos، نويسنده , , Guillermo and Herrero-Martيnez، نويسنده , , José Manuel، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2013
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Abstract :
Epinephrine-bonded polymeric monoliths for capillary electrochromatography (CEC) were developed by nucleophilic substitution reaction of epoxide groups of poly(glycidyl-methacrylate-co-ethylenedimethacrylate) (poly(GMA-co-EDMA)) monoliths using epinephrine as nucleophilic reagent. The ring opening reaction under dynamic conditions was optimized. Successful chemical modification of the monolith surface was ascertained by in situ Raman spectroscopy characterization. In addition, the amount of epinephrine groups that was bound to the monolith surface was evaluated by oxidation of the catechol groups with Ce(IV), followed by spectrophotometric measurement of unreacted Ce(IV). About 9% of all theoretical epoxide groups of the parent monolith were bonded to epinephrine. The chromatographic behavior of the epinephrine-bonded monolith in CEC conditions was assessed with test mixtures of alkyl benzenes, aniline derivatives and substituted phenols. In comparison to the poly(GMA-co-EDMA) monoliths, the epinephrine-bonded monoliths exhibited a much higher retention and slight differences in selectivity. The epinephrine-bonded monolith was further modified by oxidation with a Ce(IV) solution and compared with the epinephrine-bonded monoliths. The resulting monolithic stationary phases were evaluated in terms of reproducibility, giving RSD values below 9% in the parameters investigated.
Keywords :
Epinephrine-bonded monolith , Surface modification , Monolithic columns , Capillary electrochromatography
Journal title :
Journal of Chromatography A
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