Whittington، نويسنده , , Dale and Kharasch، نويسنده , , Evan D، نويسنده ,
There is considerable interest in quantifying morphine and its major metabolites, morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G). Available assays use gas chromatography–mass spectrometry or high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with single or tandem mass spectrometry, ultraviolet, electrochemical, or fluorimetric detection. Nevertheless, few methods provide adequate sensitivity for all analytes, in a single injection, with the desired rate of sample throughput. A rapid and sensitive method for quantification of morphine, M3G and M6G from human plasma using HPLC with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry was developed using a Waters Oasis MCX 96-well plate for extracting both lipophilic morphine and its hydrophilic glucuronides, C18 separation using an isocratic mobile phase (methanol, acetonitrile and formic acid), and selected ion monitoring. Recoveries of morphine, M3G and M6G, respectively, were 81, 90 and 82% at the low (2, 25 and 2 ng/ml), 80, 77 and 75% at the medium (10, 250 and 10 ng/ml), and 74, 62 and 72% at the high (100, 1000 and 100 ng/ml) quality control samples. The limit of quantitation was 0.5 ng/ml morphine and M6G, and 5 ng/ml M3G. Analytes were validated over a linear range of 0.5–200 ng/ml morphine and M6G, and 5–2000 ng/ml M3G. This assay represents an improvement over existing methods through solid phase extraction with increased sample throughput (96-well plates), use of small samples (0.5 ml), and sub-nanogram detection.