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Title of article :
Purification of 3,5-Dichlorocatechol 1,2-Dioxygenase, a Nonheme Iron Dioxygenase and a Key Enzyme in the Biodegradation of a Herbicide, 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), from Pseudomonas cepacia CSV90
Author/Authors :
Bhat، نويسنده , , M.A. and Ishida، نويسنده , , T. and Horiike، نويسنده , , K. and Vaidyanathan، نويسنده , , C.S. and Nozaki، نويسنده , , M.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 1993
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Abstract :
An enzyme which cleaves the benzene ring of 3,5-dichiorocatechol has been purified to homogeneity from Pseudomonas cepacia CSV90, grown with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) as the sole carbon source. The enzyme was a nonheme ferric dioxygenase and catalyzed the intradiol cleavage of all the examined catechol derivatives, 3,5-dichlorocatechol having the highest specificity constant of 7.3 μM−1 s−1 in an air-saturated buffer. No extradiol-cleaving activity was observed. Thus, the enzyme was designated as 3,5-dichlorocatechol 1,2-dioxygenase. The molecular weight of the native enzyme was ascertained to be 56,000 by light scattering method, while the Mr value of the enzyme denatured with 6 M guanidine-HCl or sodium dodecyl sulfate was 29,000 or 31,600, respectively, suggesting that the enzyme was a homodimer. The iron content was estimated to be 0.89 mol per mole of enzyme. The enzyme was deep red and exhibited a broad absorption spectrum with a maximum at around 425 nm, which was bleached by sodium dithionite, and shifted to 515 nm upon anaerobic 3,5-dichlorocatechol binding. The catalytic constant and the Km values for 3,5-dichlorocatechol and oxygen were 34.7 s−1 and 4.4 and 652 μM, respectively, at pH 8 and 25°C. Some heavy metal ions, chelating agents and sulfhydryl reagents inhibited the activity. The NH2-terminal sequence was determined up to 44 amino acid residues and compared with those of the other catechol dioxygenases previously reported.
Journal title :
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
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