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Title of article :
Enhanced chemosensing of ammonia based on the novel molecular semiconductor-doped insulator (MSDI) heterojunctions
Author/Authors :
Chen، نويسنده , , Yanli and Bouvet، نويسنده , , Marcel and Sizun، نويسنده , , Thibaut and Barochi، نويسنده , , Guillaume and Rossignol، نويسنده , , Jérôme and Lesniewska، نويسنده , , Eric، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2011
Pages :
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Abstract :
A series of new molecular semiconductor-doped insulator (MSDI) heterojunctions as conductimetric transducers to NH3 sensing were fabricated based on a novel semiconducting molecular material, an amphiphilic tris(phthalocyaninato) rare earth triple-decker complex, Eu2[Pc(15C5)4]2[Pc(OC10H21)8], quasi-Langmuir–Shäfer (QLS) film, as a top-layer, and vacuum-deposited and cast film of CuPc as well as copper tetra-tert-butyl phthalocyanine (CuTTBPc) QLS film as a sub-layer, named as MSDIs 1, 2 and 3, respectively. MSDIs 1–3 and respective sub-layers prepared from three different methods were characterized by X-ray diffraction, electronic absorption spectra and current–voltage (I–V) measurements. Depending on the sub-layer film-forming method used, α-phase CuPc film structure, β-phase CuPc crystallites and H-type aggregates of CuTTBPc have been obtained, respectively. An increasing sensitivity to NH3 at varied concentrations in the range of 15–800 ppm, follows the order MSDI 2 < MSDI 3 < MSDI 1, revealing the effect of sub-layer film structures on sensing performance of the MSDIs. In particular, the time-dependent current plot of the MSDI 1, with α-phase CuPc film as a sub-layer, clearly shows an excellent separation of the different ammonia concentration levels and nearly complete reversibility and reproducibility even at room temperature, which is unique among the phthalocyanine-based ammonia sensors thus far reported in the literature. This provides a general method to improve sensor response of organic heterojunctions by controlling and tuning the film structure of sub-layer with appropriate fabrication techniques. On the other hand, the enhanced sensitivity, stability and reproducible response of the MSDI 1 heterostructure in comparison with the respective single-layer films have also been obtained. A judicious combination of materials and molecular architectures has led to enhanced sensing properties of the MSDI 1, in which control at the molecular level can be achieved.
Keywords :
Chemosensing , Triple-decker rare earth phthalocyanine complex , Molecular semiconductor , Ammonia , Heterojunction
Journal title :
Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
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