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Title of article :
The functional Val158Met polymorphism in catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is associated with depression and motivation in men from a Swedish population-based study
Author/Authors :
إberg، نويسنده , , Elin and Fandiٌo-Losada، نويسنده , , Andrés and Sjِholm، نويسنده , , Louise K. and Forsell، نويسنده , , Yvonne and Lavebratt، نويسنده , , Catharina، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2011
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Abstract :
Background nmental risk factors together with genetic vulnerability create a complex background to develop depression. s estigated the associations between COMT Val158Met and depression in a Swedish population-based sample of 405 depressed individuals (major depression diagnosis, dysthymia or mixed anxiety depression defined according to DSM-IV) and 2,151 healthy controls. We also analyzed interaction between this genetic variation and some environmental risk factors for depression and the link between this polymorphism and the low motivational level and negative mood state found in depressed individuals. s sed individuals displayed a higher frequency of the Met/Met and Met/Val genotypes compared to controls (OR = 1.49, CI95% = 1.11–2.00, P = 0.009). The association was found among men only (OR = 2.26, CI95% = 1.26–4.05, p = 0.008). Regression analysis including some potential risk factors for depression, did further indicate that Met/Met and Met/Val were associated with depression in men (P = 0.005). There was also an interaction between genotype and family childhood problems (RERI = 0.876, CI95% = 0.090–1.662 and AP = 0.426, CI95% = 0.030–0.821). Further, depressed men homozygous for the Val-allele, had a higher motivational level than depressed men with a Met-variant (P = 0.02). tions mple size of depressed individuals per group when stratifying cases according to gender and genotypes is considered a limitation. sions t-variants of COMT Val158Met are risk variants for depression and low motivational level in depressed Swedish men, but not women. Individuals with this risk variant in combination with a problematic childhood, have an even higher risk to develop depression.
Keywords :
Mood level and motivation state , The brain reward system , Gene-environmental interactions , Childhood problems , Gender dimorphism , Population-based cohort
Journal title :
Journal of Affective Disorders
Journal title :
Journal of Affective Disorders
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