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Title of article :
Systems metabolic engineering of Escherichia coli for production of the antitumor drugs violacein and deoxyviolacein
Author/Authors :
Rodrigues، نويسنده , , André L. and Trachtmann، نويسنده , , Nathalie and Becker، نويسنده , , Judith and Lohanatha، نويسنده , , Ananta F. and Blotenberg، نويسنده , , Jana and Bolten، نويسنده , , Christoph J. and Korneli، نويسنده , , Claudia and de Souza Lima، نويسنده , , André O. and Porto، نويسنده , , Luismar M. and Sprenger، نويسنده , , Georg A. and Wittmann، نويسنده , , Christoph، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
دوماهنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2013
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Abstract :
Violacein and deoxyviolacein are interesting therapeutics against pathogenic bacteria and viruses as well as tumor cells. In the present work, systems-wide metabolic engineering was applied to target Escherichia coli, a widely accepted recombinant host in pharmaceutical biotechnology, for production of these high-value products. The basic producer, E. coli dVio-1, that expressed the vioABCE cluster from Chromobacterium violaceum under control of the inducible araC system, accumulated 180 mg L−1 of deoxyviolacein. Targeted intracellular metabolite analysis then identified bottlenecks in tryptophan supporting pathways, the major product building block. This was used for comprehensive engineering of serine, chorismate and tryptophan biosynthesis and the non-oxidative pentose-phosphate pathway. The final strain, E. coli dVio-6, accumulated 320 mg L−1 deoxyviolacein in shake flask cultures. The created chassis of a high-flux tryptophan pathway was complemented by genomic integration of the vioD gene of Janthinobacterium lividum, which enabled exclusive production of violacein. In a fed-batch process, the resulting producer E. coli Vio-4 accumulated 710 mg L−1 of the desired product. With straightforward broth extraction and subsequent crystallization, violacein could be obtained with 99.8% purity. This demonstrates the potential of E. coli as a platform for production of tryptophan based therapeutics.
Keywords :
Tryptophan , Pathway deregulation , chorismate , Chromobacterium violaceum , Janthinobacterium lividum , Fed-batch
Journal title :
Metabolic Engineering
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