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Title of article :
Self-assembled monolayer on diamond-like carbon surface: formation and friction measurements
Author/Authors :
Choi، نويسنده , , J. and Ishida، نويسنده , , T. and Kato، نويسنده , , T. X. Fujisawa، نويسنده , , S.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
ماهنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
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Abstract :
We have investigated self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of heptadecafluoro-1,1,2,2-tetradecyltrietoxysilane (FTE) on diamond-like carbon (DLC) surfaces formed by a simple immersing process. SAM formation on DLC surfaces was verified by contact angle measurements, ellipsometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Water and hexadecane contact angles increased gradually with immersing time and saturated at about 110 and 70 degrees, respectively. Ellipsometric measurements showed that the film thickness was 1.4 to 1.6 nm, which corresponded reasonably to the thickness of FTE monolayer. XPS data showed the presence of FTE molecules on the DLC surface. These results ensured the SAM formation of FTE molecules on the DLC surface. ther measured and compared the friction of unlubricated, SAM coated and 2 nm thick perfluoropolyether (PFPE) coated DLC surfaces using lateral force microscopy (LFM) as functions of the applied load and the sliding velocity. The SAM coated DLC surfaces showed lower friction than the unlubricated DLC surfaces and the friction coefficient decreased by about 15% compared to the unlubricated DLC surfaces. Scratch tests revealed that the critical load of the DLC film increased due to the SAM deposition. These results are attributed to the hydrophobic nature of the SAM coated surface. On the other hand, even though the water contact angle of the SAM coated surface was larger than the 2 nm thick PFPE coated surface, the friction of the SAM coated surface was larger than that of the PFPE coated surface. Also, the critical load of the SAM coated DLC surface in scratch test was lower than the PFPE coated surface. These results indicate that the hydrophobic nature of the surface is not the only factor which determines the friction characteristics in the nano-lubricating system, and it is attributed to the mobile characteristic of PFPE lubricant.
Keywords :
Friction , PFPE , DLC , SAMs
Journal title :
Tribology International
Journal title :
Tribology International
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