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Title of article :
Separation of d-limonene from supercritical CO2 by means of membranes
Author/Authors :
Carlson، نويسنده , , Luiz Henrique Castelan and Bolzan، نويسنده , , Ariovaldo and Machado، نويسنده , , Ricardo Antônio Francisco، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2005
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Abstract :
The extraction of essential oil from vegetable matrices with supercritical fluids is a promising technology which is still searching for an economical method to recycle the dense carbon dioxide (CO2). The use of the reverse osmosis membrane separation process can be an alternative to avoid the intense depressurization step which is necessary for the recovering of the extracts. The membranes exhibit satisfactory permeability for supercritical CO2 filtration, with very good resistance under the severe experimental operating conditions. In this work, four commercial reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membranes were applied to perform the separation of limonene and supercritical carbon dioxide. The tests were conducted under a pressure of 12 MPa, a transmembrane pressure of 0.5 MPa and a temperature of 40 °C. Pure CO2 flux, limonene + CO2 flux and the limonene retention factor were measured. The highest limonene retention factor was above 0.94.
Keywords :
Solvent recovering , Supercritical extraction. , d-Limonene , Membrane separation , Reverse osmosis
Journal title :
Journal of Supercritical Fluids
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Link To Document :