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Title of article :
Specific Maceration and Induction ofPR-3 Gene in Potato Tuber Tissue by Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. Atrosepticum Type III Secretion System Mutants
Author/Authors :
Aghabozorgy، Sohrab نويسنده , , Niakan، Mohammad نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
ماهنامه با شماره پیاپی 24 سال 2009
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Abstract :
The exact function of type III secretion system in some phytopathogenes including Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. atrosepticum (Pea) is not understood and is a matter of debate. The aim of this study were to determine specific effect of type III secretion system on potato tubers and to reveal the connection of this system with potato resistant genes such as PR-3. APca hrpW fragment was subcloned into a low-copy-number cloning vector (pZH448). The resulting plasmid (pASI9) was then conjugated into the wild-type and mutant strains of Pea by type III secretion system. The virulence property of different Pea strains was studied and the influence of over expression of hrpW on maceration activity was also investigated. Fw1:hermore, the effect of mentioned mutation on the maceration of carrot-root was evaluated. Finally, using real-time PCR, the copy-number of PR-3 gene in potato tuber tissue was assessed. In conclusion, for type III secretion system mutant strains, in contrast with the wild-type, the maceration amount of potato tuber tissue decreased after over expression of hrpW while inoculation of tubers by mutants, increased this amount. In the case of potato, HrpN and DspE proteins appeared to be avirulent factors. Compared with the wild-type strains, Pea nominated mutants significantly reduced potato PR-3 expression thus, PR-3 expression level in potato tuber tissue in answer to infiltration by Pea, depends on functional type III secretion system in the bacterium.
Keywords :
potato , Maceration , PR-3 gene , type III secretion system , Pectobacterium earotovorum subsp. atroseptieum
Journal title :
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
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