Record number :
Title of article :
Full-scale two-phase flow measurements on Athena research vessel
Author/Authors :
Johansen، نويسنده , , James P. and Castro، نويسنده , , Alejandro M. and Carrica، نويسنده , , Pablo M.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
Pages :
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Abstract :
Measurements of gas volume fraction, bubble velocity, chord length and bubble size distributions were performed on the research vessel Athena II operating in Saint Andrew Bay in the gulf coast near Panama City, FL. Double tipped sapphire optical local phase-detection probes were used to acquire indicator functions downstream of the breaking bow wave, behind the masker and at the stern. These indicator functions were also taken at different depths, operating speeds and headings respect to the waves. The data processing includes the computation of velocity of individual bubbles and chord lengths, resulting in chord length distributions. These chord length distributions are used to obtain bubble size distributions using a novel procedure described in detail herein. Uncertainty analysis is performed for gas volume fraction, average bubble velocity and chord length. The results indicate that air entrainment increases with ship speed and sailing against the waves at all positions. The bow wave exhibits unsteady breaking that creates bubble clouds, which were characterized and identified by signal processing. At the stern a very strong dependence of bubble size with depth was found, with evidence that small bubbles (smaller than 500 μm) are transported through the bottom of the hull and reach the transom. The roller present at the transom, the associated strong unsteadiness and bubble entrainment are well captured, as indicated by the stern results, showing the frothy nature of the upper layer.
Keywords :
Optical phase-detection probes , Bubble size distribution , Ship two-phase flow , Bubble velocity , Bubble size unfolding
Journal title :
International Journal of Multiphase Flow
Journal title :
International Journal of Multiphase Flow
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