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Title of article :
Protection of nuclear graphite toward fluoride molten salt by glassy carbon deposit
Author/Authors :
Bernardet، نويسنده , , V. G. Gomes، نويسنده , , S. and Delpeux، نويسنده , , S. and Dubois، نويسنده , , M. and Guérin، نويسنده , , K. and Avignant، نويسنده , , D. and Renaudin، نويسنده , , G. and Duclaux، نويسنده , , L.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
Pages :
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Abstract :
Molten salt reactor represents one of the promising future Generation IV nuclear reactors families where the fuel, a liquid molten fluoride salt, is circulating through the graphite reactor core. The interactions between nuclear graphite and fluoride molten salt and also the graphite surface protection were investigated in this paper by powder X-ray diffraction, micro-Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy coupled with X-ray microanalysis. Nuclear graphite discs were covered by two kinds of protection deposit: a glassy carbon coating and a double coating of pyrolitic carbon/glassy carbon. Different behaviours have been highlighted according to the presence and the nature of the coated protection film. Intercalation of molten salt between the graphite layers did not occur. Nevertheless the molten salt adhered more or less to the surface of the graphite disc, filled more or less the graphite surface porosity and perturbed more or less the graphite stacking order at the disc surface. The behaviour of unprotected graphite was far to be satisfactory after two days of immersion of graphite in molten salt at 500 °C. The best protection of the graphite disc surface, with the maximum of inertness towards molten salt, has been obtained with the double coating of pyrolitic carbon/glassy carbon.
Journal title :
Journal of Nuclear Materials
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Link To Document :