Record number :
Title of article :
Treatment of a waste salt delivered from an electrorefining process by an oxidative precipitation of the rare earth elements
Author/Authors :
Cho، نويسنده , , Yung-Zun and Yang، نويسنده , , Hee-Chul and Park، نويسنده , , Gil-Ho and Lee، نويسنده , , Han Soo and Kim، نويسنده , , In-Tae، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
Pages :
From page :
To page :
Abstract :
For the reuse of a waste salt from an electrorefining process of a spent oxide fuel, a separation of rare earth elements by an oxidative precipitation in a LiCl-KCl molten salt was tested without using precipitate agents. From the results obtained from the thermochemical calculations by HSC Chemistry software, the most stable rare earth compounds in the oxygen-used rare earth chlorides system were oxychlorides (EuOCl, NdOCl, PrOCl) and oxides (CeO2, PrO2), which coincide well with results of the Gibbs free energy of the reaction. In this study, similar to the thermochemical results, regardless of the sparging time and molten salt temperature, oxychlorides and oxides were formed as a precipitant by a reaction with oxygen. The structure of the rare earth precipitates was divided into two shapes: small cubic (oxide) and large plate-like (tetragonal) structures. The conversion efficiencies of the rare earth elements to their molten salt-insoluble precipitates were increased with the sparging time and temperature, and Ce showed the best reactivity. In the conditions of 650 °C of the molten salt temperature and 420 min of the sparging time, the final conversion efficiencies were over 99.9% for all the investigated rare earth chlorides.
Journal title :
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Journal title :
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Serial Year :
Link To Document :