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Title of article :
Laser annealing in combination with mass spectroscopy, a technique to study deuterium on tokamak carbon samples, a tool for detritiation
Author/Authors :
إkermark، نويسنده , , T. and Emmoth، نويسنده , , B. and Bergsهker، نويسنده , , H.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2006
Pages :
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Abstract :
In this study, a method is presented based on mass spectroscopy to measure the areal density of deuterium on a graphite surface exposed to tokamak discharges. The studied sample was cut from a bumper limiter exposed in the TEXTOR tokamak and annealed by a 1 J Excimer laser (KrF). The energy used was 400 mJ cm−2, which is below the threshold for ablation, 1 J cm−2. The release of HD and D2 was measured by a mass spectroscopy set-up and no other species released from the sample were detected in this experiment. The amount of D released from the sample after 20 laser pulses was measured to 7 × 1016 D atoms per cm−2 (for this particular sample) and most of the hydrogen at the surface was released in the first pulse, as checked by nuclear reaction analysis (NRA) techniques, which gave changes of the amount of deuterium before and after laser annealing. The sensitivity in this experiment was 5 × 1014 atoms per cm−2 for HD and 5 × 1013 atoms per cm−2 for D2.
Journal title :
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Journal title :
Journal of Nuclear Materials
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