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Title of article :
Local buckling of shear-deformable laminated composite beams with arbitrary cross-sections using discrete plate analysis
Author/Authors :
Torsten Kuehn، نويسنده , , Hartmut Pasternak، نويسنده , , Christian Mittelstedt، نويسنده ,
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روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2014
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Abstract :
The present paper deals with the onset of local buckling of compressively loaded thin-walled beams made of orthotropically laminated composite materials using discrete plate analysis. The analysis model focusses on the buckling of webs and flanges of composite beams with arbitrary cross-sections under uniform longitudinal compressive load. In order to account for transverse shear deformations as they are typical for moderately thick to thick laminated composite materials made of e.g. carbon fibre reinforced plastics, the present analysis is based on first-order shear deformation theory, thus employing the classical Reissner–Mindlin plate theory for the analysis of laminated composite structures. The idealisation consists of modelling the webs as being simply supported at all four edges, while at the longitudinal unloaded edges an elastic clamping is assumed which is represented by a clamping stiffness that takes material, geometry and layups of the adjacent flanges of the beams into account. Accordingly, the flanges are treated as plates with three simply supported edges and one free edge, wherein the unloaded simply supported edge is elastically clamped in order to represent the rotational support by the adjacent web. The analysis of the web and flange buckling loads is performed using the Rayleigh–Ritz-method employing specifically chosen shape functions for the out-of-plane displacements and the rotations of the cross-sections. The accuracy of the employed approaches is established by comparison with accompanying finite element simulations of actual thin-walled composite beams. It is revealed that the presented methodology is highly efficient in terms of computational effort and yet performs with satisfying accuracy which makes it very attractive for actual practical applications whenever the local stability behaviour of composite beams is to be considered.
Keywords :
Buckling , Laminates , Thin-walled , Flanges , Webs , First-order shear deformation theory
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