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Title of article :
An analysis of the influence of material structure on the effective thermal conductivity of theoretical porous materials using finite element simulations
Author/Authors :
Carson، نويسنده , , J.K and Lovatt، نويسنده , , S.J and Tanner، نويسنده , , D.J and Cleland، نويسنده , , A.C، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
Pages :
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Abstract :
Two-dimensional finite element simulations were used to examine the relative influences of selected porosity-related variables on effective thermal conductivity. The finite element models simulated a steady-state thermal conductivity measurement device performing measurements on theoretical materials with varying structures. The results indicated that the extent of contact between pores or particles and the designation of components as continuous or dispersed phases were more significant factors than the size or shape of individual pores or particles. The results suggested that materials with external porosity should be considered separately to materials with internal porosity for the purposes of effective thermal conductivity prediction, and that it is unrealistic to expect a model that is a function of the component thermal conductivities and volume fractions alone to provide accurate predictions for all porous materials. If an additional parameter is incorporated into an effective thermal conductivity model it should be related to the extent of contact between pores or particles.
Keywords :
MATERIAL , porosity , Measurement , Modelling , Modélisation , Conductivité thermique , Matériau , Mesure , Porosité , thermal conductivity
Journal title :
International Journal of Refrigeration
Serial Year :
Link To Document :