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Title of article :
Thermodynamic quantities and defect equilibrium in La2−xSrxNiO4+δ
Author/Authors :
Takashi Nakamura، نويسنده , , Keiji Yashiro، نويسنده , , Kazuhisa Sato، نويسنده , , Junichiro Mizusaki، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
In order to elucidate the relation between thermodynamic quantities, the defect structure, and the defect equilibrium in La2−xSrxNiO4+δ, statistical thermodynamic calculation is carried out and calculated results are compared to those obtained from experimental data. Partial molar enthalpy of oxygen and partial molar entropy of oxygen are obtained from δ-P(O2)–T relation by using Gibbs–Helmholtz equation. Statistical thermodynamic model is derived from defect equilibrium models proposed before by authors, localized electron model and delocalized electron model which could well explain the variation of oxygen content of La2−xSrxNiO4+δ. Although assumed defect species and their equilibrium are different, the results of thermodynamic calculation by localized electron model and delocalized electron model show minor difference. Calculated results by the both models agree with the thermodynamic quantities obtained from oxygen nonstoichiometry of La2−xSrxNiO4+δ.
Keywords :
K2NiF4 type oxides , La2NiO4 , Oxygen nonstoichiometry , Defect chemistry
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