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Title of article :
Simulation of soil water in space and time using an agro-hydrological model and remote sensing techniques
Author/Authors :
Uttam Kumar Singh، نويسنده , , Li Ren، نويسنده , , Shaozhong Kang، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
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Abstract :
Complete knowledge of all components of the water balance is essential to optimize water use in irrigated agriculture. However, most water balance components are very difficult to measure in terms of the required time interval and due to the complexity of the processes. An unsaturated zone model is a useful tool for predicting the effects of agricultural management on crop water use and can be used to optimize agricultural practices in view of minimizing the agricultural water use. For the irrigated areas in Minqin County of northwest China, the physically based one-dimensional agro-hydrological model SWAP (Soil, Water, Atmosphere and Plant) for water movement and crop growth was applied to reveal all the components of the water balance at multiple sites. This model has a varying level of abstraction referring to simulated processes in time and space. A combination of field, meteorological and aerial data was used as input to the model. Inverse modeling of evapotranspiration (ET) fluxes was followed to calibrate the soil hydraulic functions by using the parameter estimation package PEST. Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) was used to estimate actual ET fluxes from NOAA AVHRR satellite images. Simulations were carried out for 15 different sites in Minqin County by using wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) as a test crop, but only three sites were selected for model calibration and evaluation. The period of simulation for the whole wheat growing season was from 1 April 2004 to 30 July 2004 and detailed analyses were performed for all sites. SWAP simulated soil water dynamics well and the distributed SWAP model is a useful tool to analyze all water balance components.
Keywords :
Evapotranspiration , Water balance components , Water flow , Soil hydraulic functions , Agro-hydrological model
Journal title :
Agricultural Water Management
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