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Title of article :
Sub-group formation and the adoption of the alternate wetting and drying irrigation method for rice in China
Author/Authors :
Hongmei Li، نويسنده , , Mingxian Li، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
Pages :
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Abstract :
Using group-level and household-level data collected in 2006–2007 in two districts in Hubei Province of China, we investigate social capital and water source variables and assess the factors influencing the formation of a sub-group, which is a sub-set of the original water user group (WUG). We use a probit model and regression analysis to examine the impact of sub-group formation on the adoption of alternate wetting and drying (AWD). Results show that when social capital is strong, farmers tend not to form sub-groups because strong social capital can prevent overuse of water. However, when social capital in a group is weak, farmers need to avoid overuse of water by forming a sub-group. Therefore, if farmers in the group of weak social capital are physically constrained and thus fail to form a sub-group, overuse of water is more likely. Such failure occurs when the existence of many water sources physically prevents farmers from forming a sub-group. We also found that when social capital is strong, farmers adopt the AWD practice even without forming a sub-group.
Keywords :
Social capital , Water user group (WUG) , Water use efficiency
Journal title :
Agricultural Water Management
Link To Document :