Record number :
Title of article :
Incorporating quantity discounts and their inventory impacts into the centralized purchasing decision
Author/Authors :
C.L. Munson، نويسنده , , J. Hu، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
Pages :
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Abstract :
Multi-site organizations must balance conflicting forces to determine the appropriate degree of purchasing centralization for their respective supplies. The ability to garner quantity discounts represents one of the primary reasons that organizations centralize procurement. This paper provides methodologies to calculate optimal order quantities and compute total purchasing and inventory costs when products have quantity discount pricing. Procedures for both all-units and incremental quantity discount schedules are provided for four different strategic purchasing configurations (scenarios): complete decentralization, centralized pricing with decentralized purchasing, centralized purchasing with local distribution, and centralized purchasing and warehousing. For ordering decisions under local distribution, procedures to determine optimal order quantities and costs are presented in a precise form that could be easily implemented into spreadsheets by practicing managers. For the more complicated multi-echelon scenarios, we introduce a single-cycle policy with a tailored aggregation refinement step that performs very well under experimentation when compared to a conservative bound.
Keywords :
Purchasing , Inventory , Heuristics , Quantity discounts , Supply chain management
Journal title :
European Journal of Operational Research
Serial Year :
Link To Document :