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Title of article :
Densification mechanism of polyacrylonitrile-based carbon fiber during heat treatment Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
Aijun Gao، نويسنده , , Canjun Su، نويسنده , , Sha Luo، نويسنده , , Yuanjian TONG، نويسنده , , Lianghua Xu، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2011
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Abstract :
Polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based carbon fibers were heat treated at various temperatures for varying durations to simulate the graphitization process in the manufacture of C/C composites. Densification of the resulting fibers was confirmed by density measurement. The composition and structure of the fibers were investigated by means of elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. For specified isothermal heat treatment time, the structural parameters depended strongly on heat treatment temperature. The nitrogen content decreased with increased heat treatment temperature and extended time at constant temperature. Nitrogen loss was complete at temperatures above 1900 °C. The graphite crystallite size increased rapidly with increasing heat treatment temperature, and slowly with extended isothermal heat treatment time. At 2100 °C a more ordered graphitic structure appeared. Denitrogenation induced “puffing”, which made the fibers expand. Decrease in density in the heat treatment temperature range 1500–1900 °C originated from the abrupt evolution of nitrogen, and above 1900 °C the graphitization transition induced steadily increasing density. Densification of the carbon fibers was determined both by the rate of denitrogenation and the rearrangement of carbon atoms.
Keywords :
B. Crystal Growth , C. Raman spectroscopy , D. Crystal structure
Journal title :
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids
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