Title of article :
Dicationic near-linear biphenyl benzimidazole derivatives as DNA-targeted antiprotozoal agents Original Research Article
Mohamed A. Ismail، نويسنده , , Adalgisa Batista-Parra، نويسنده , , Yi Miao، نويسنده , , W. David Wilson، نويسنده , , Tanja Wenzler، نويسنده , , Reto Brun، نويسنده , , David W. Boykin، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2005
A series of near-linear biphenyl benzimidazole diamidines 5a–h were synthesized from their respective diamidoximes (4a–h), through the bis-O-acetoxyamidoxime, followed by hydrogenation in glacial acetic acid/ethanol in the presence of Pd–C. Compounds 4a–h were obtained in three steps, starting with the Suzuki coupling reaction of the appropriate haloarylcarbonitriles 1a–g or 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzaldehyde with 4-formylphenylboronic acid or 4-cyanophenylboronic acid to form the anticipated 4-formylbiphenyl carbonitrile analogues 2a–h. Subsequent condensation of the formyl derivatives 2a–h with 3,4-diaminobenzonitrile in the presence of sodium bisulfite or 1,4-benzoquinone gave the desired dinitriles 3a–h, the precursors for 4a–h. All the diamidines showed strong DNA affinities, as judged by high ΔTm values with poly(dA.dT)2. The compounds were quite active in vitro versus Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, giving IC50 values ranging from 3 to 37 nM. These compounds were even more active versus Plasmodium falciparum, exhibiting IC50 values ranging from 0.5 to 23 nM. The compounds showed moderate to good activity in vivo in the STIB900 model for acute African trypanosomiasis. The most active compounds 5b and e gave 3/4 cures on an IP dosage of 20 mg/kg.
Journal title :
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry