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Title of article :
Heteroaromatic ester inhibitors of hepatitis A virus 3C proteinase: Evaluation of mode of action Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
Carly Huitema، نويسنده , , JIANMIN ZHANG، نويسنده , , JIANG YIN، نويسنده , , Michael N.G James، نويسنده , , John C. Vederas، نويسنده , , Lindsay D. Eltis and Jeffrey T. Bolin، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2008
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Abstract :
The related 3C and 3C-like proteinase (3Cpro and 3CLpro) of picornaviruses and coronaviruses, respectively, are good drug targets. As part of an effort to generate broad-spectrum inhibitors of these enzymes, we screened a library of inhibitors based on a halopyridinyl ester from a previous study of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) 3CL proteinase against Hepatitis A virus (HAV) 3Cpro. Three of the compounds, which also had furan rings, inhibited the cleavage activity of HAV 3Cpro with Kics of 120–240 nM. HPLC-based assays revealed that the inhibitors were slowly hydrolyzed by both HAV 3Cpro and SARS 3CLpro, confirming the identity of the expected products. Mass spectrometric analyses indicated that this hydrolysis proceeded via an acyl-enzyme intermediate. Modeling studies indicated that the halopyridinyl moiety of the inhibitor fits tightly into the S1-binding pocket, consistent with the lack of tolerance of the inhibitors to modification in this portion of the molecule. These compounds are among the most potent non-peptidic inhibitors reported to date against a 3Cpro.
Keywords :
Cysteine proteinase , Antiviral , Picornavirus , Halopyridinyl ester
Journal title :
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
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