Yanyan Li، نويسنده , , G. Elif Karag?z، نويسنده , , Young Ho Seo، نويسنده , , Tao Zhang، نويسنده , , Yiqun Jiang، نويسنده , , Yanke Yu، نويسنده , , Afonso M.S. Duarte، نويسنده , , Steven J. Schwartz، نويسنده , , Rolf Boelens، نويسنده , , Kate Carroll، نويسنده , , Stefan G.D. Rüdiger، نويسنده , , Duxin Sun، نويسنده ,
Sulforaphane [1-isothiocyanato-4-(methyl-sulfinyl) butane)], an isothiocyanate derived from cruciferous vegetables, has been shown to possess potent chemopreventive activity. We analyzed the effect of sulforaphane on the proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells. Sulforaphane inhibited pancreatic cancer cell growth in vitro with IC50s of around 10–15 μM and induced apoptosis. In pancreatic cancer xenograft mouse model, administration of sulforaphane showed remarkable inhibition of tumor growth without apparent toxicity noticed. We found that sulforaphane induced the degradation of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) client proteins and blocked the interaction of Hsp90 with its cochaperone p50Cdc37 in pancreatic cancer cells. Using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) with an isoleucine-specific labeling strategy, we overcame the protein size limit of conventional NMR and studied the interaction of sulforaphane with full-length Hsp90 dimer (170 kDa) in solution. NMR revealed multiple chemical shifts in sheet 2 and the adjacent loop in Hsp90 N-terminal domain after incubation of Hsp90 with sulforaphane. Liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry further mapped a short peptide in this region that was tagged with sulforaphane. These data suggest a new mechanism of sulforaphane that disrupts protein–protein interaction in Hsp90 complex for its chemopreventive activity.
hsp90 , Sulforaphane , Pancreatic cancer , NMR , p50Cdc37