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Title of article :
Profiling of zinc-altered gene expression in human prostate normal vs. cancer cells: a time course study
Author/Authors :
Shu-fei Lin، نويسنده , , Hua Wei، نويسنده , , Dennis Maeder، نويسنده , , Renty B. Franklin، نويسنده , , Pei Feng، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
We have demonstrated that zinc exposure induces apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells (PC-3) and benign hyperplasia cells (BPH), but not in normal prostate cells (HPR-1). However, the mechanisms underlying the effects of zinc on prostate cancer cell growth and zinc homeostasis remain unclear. To explore the zinc effect on gene expression profiles in normal (HPR-1) and malignant prostate cells (PC-3), we conducted a time course study of Zn treatment with microarray analysis. Microarray data were evaluated and profiled using computational approach for the primary and secondary data analyses. Final analyses were focused on the genes (1) highly sensitive to zinc; (2) associated with zinc homeostasis, i.e., metallothioneins (MTs), solute zinc carriers (ZIPs) and zinc exporters (ZnTs); (3) relevant to several oncogenic pathways. Zinc-mediated mRNA levels of MT isotypes were further validated by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Results showed that zinc effect on genome-wide expression patterns was cell-type specific, and zinc appeared to have mainly down-regulatory effects on thousands of genes (1953 in HPR-1; 3534 in PC-3) with a threshold of ±2.5-fold, while fewer genes were up-regulated (872 in HPR-1; 571 in PC-3). The patterns of zinc effect on functional MT genesʹ expression provided evidence for the cell type-dependent zinc accumulation and zinc-induced apoptosis in prostate cells. In PC-3 cells, zinc significantly up-regulated the expression of MT-1 isotypes MT-1J and MT-1M, denoted previously as “nonfunctional” MT genes, and now a depictive molecular structure of MT-1J was proposed. Examination of genes involved in oncogenic pathways indicated that certain genes, e.g., Fos, Akt1, Jak3 and PI3K, were highly regulated by zinc with cell-type specificity. This work provided an extensive database on zinc-related prostate cancer research. The strategy of data analysis was devoted to finding genes highly sensitive to Zn, and the genes associated with zinc accumulation and zinc-induced apoptosis. The results indicate that zinc regulation of gene expression is cell-type specific, and MT genes play important roles in prostate malignancy.
Keywords :
Microarray , Prostate malignant cells , zinc , Gene isoform , metallothionein , Zinc transporter
Journal title :
The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
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