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Title of article :
The extent of chronic marine oil pollution in southeastern Newfoundland waters assessed through beached bird surveys 1984–1999
Author/Authors :
Francis K. Wiese، نويسنده , , Pierre C. Ryan، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
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Abstract :
The Grand Banks south of Newfoundland provide year-round feeding habitat for tens of millions of seabirds of numerous species, an abundance and diversity unparalleled in the North Atlantic. Dense ship traffic routes traverse this productive environment as vessels travel the Great Circle Route between Europe and North America. Oiled seabirds have washed up on beaches in Newfoundland for many decades. Most oil on their feathers is heavy fuel oil mixed with lubricants, the mixture found in bilges of large vessels. Beached bird surveys conducted between 1984 and 1999 indicate that chronic oil pollution along the southeast coast of Newfoundland is among the highest in world. Sixty two percent of all dead birds found over the 16-year period had oil on their feathers; 74% during the last five years. Auks, especially Thick-billed Murres (Uria lomvia), are the most affected. The mean number of oiled birds per kilometer was 0.77 and thus higher than in other regions of the world during a comparable time period (0.02–0.33). Oiling rates correlated with weather patterns and degree of the regional murre hunt, indicate that illegal dumping of oil may occur year round, and point out that it is critical to assess all possible environmental and anthropogenic factors influencing the number of clean and oiled dead birds found on beaches before inferring trends in oiling rates over time.
Keywords :
Seabirds , Oil pollution , North Atlantic , Murre hunt , Ship traffic , Oil fingerprinting , Oil Vulnerability Index , Beached bird surveys
Journal title :
Marine Pollution Bulletin
Link To Document :